3 Common Bloodborne Pathogens

Here is some information and facts about blood borne pathogens.

1. What are Blood Borne Pathogens?

Blood paid for pathogens are disease causing bacteria contained in blood and are spread to others once they come to contact with blood that contains the pathogen. BBP involve malaria, syphilis, hepatitis M virus, hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus, arboviral infection, brucellosis, babesiosis and leptospirosis. Nevertheless, hepatitis B and C virus and Human immunodeficiency virus are the most dangerous pathogens that will cause serious diseases and death. It is fundamental know about these pathogens, as you may come to contact with them at work.


2. General Precautions

Universal precautions are very important to prevent the risk of infection and transmission. OSHA recommends to address all blood and bodily fluids, as if they have been infected.


3. Modes Of Transmission

Blood borne pathogens are offered when infected blood or body fluids like semen, vaginal secretions or cerebral fluid enters the body of another person. When cuts or sores obtain contacted with contaminated blood or body fluids, the chances are more to find infection. An accidental puncture by a needle or sharp infected along with the virus can also purpose transmission. Sexual contact is usually another important mode associated with transmission of BBPs. Hepatitis B virus can live up to 7 days even on dried blood. Indirect indication occurs, if dried blood infected with this particular virus comes to exposure to mucous membranes or an open cut.

several. Hand Washing

Hand washing is the most effective way to prevent BBP indication. Washing your hands with soap and warm water for 15 to 20 seconds can allow you maximum protection next to infection.

Protective Barriers

If you are a employee in a healthcare facility or working in some other fields that may expose you to BBPs, you should wear protective clothing and gloves. Protecting eye and are up against by wearing goggles and face masks can help protect your face together with mucous membranes from viruses.


Contaminated materials ought to be disposed properly in containers or bags. Any clothing or solutions soiled with blood or body fluids should be disposed. You should wear gloves while handling clothes which were visibly contaminated with blood.

. Injury Prevention

If you’re assigned with tasks that require you to handle needles and some other sharps, you should complete them cautiously. You should dispose them carefully within a puncture resistant container. You should not bend, break or recap fine needles and sharps.


If your primary job involves coming to contact with hepatitis B virus, you should receive vaccination. It will help reduce your risk of going infection significantly.

Getting as much information about blood borne pathogens as possible will assist you to control or minimize the risk of infection.

HIPAA (Medical insurance Portability And Accountability Act) Privacy Rule usually requires covered entity (doctor and health care clearing house) to maintain employee exposure records.
In today’s environment filled with health issues and infectious diseases, it is important to learn potential hazards presented just by blood borne pathogens. We know that blood borne pathogens like HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Viral) are transmitted from an infected person to a new through blood. Exposure to infected blood components can also increase the risk of creating a disease.

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